Publications

2017

  • [PDF] [DOI] N. Rekabsaz, R. Bierig, M. Lupu, and A. Hanbury, “Toward Optimized Multimodal Concept Indexing,” in Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XXVI, N. T. Nguyen, R. Kowalczyk, A. M. Pinto, and J. Cardoso, Eds., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017, pp. 144-161.
    [Bibtex]
    @Inbook{Rekabsaz2017,
      author={Rekabsaz, Navid and Bierig, Ralf and Lupu, Mihai and Hanbury, Allan},
      editor={Nguyen, Ngoc Thanh and Kowalczyk, Ryszard and Pinto, Alexandre Miguel and Cardoso, Jorge},
      title={{Toward Optimized Multimodal Concept Indexing}}, 
      bookTitle={Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XXVI},
      year={2017},
      publisher={Springer International Publishing},
      address={Cham},
      pages={144--161},
      isbn={978-3-319-59268-8},
      doi={10.1007/978-3-319-59268-8_7},
      url={https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-59268-8_7}
    }

2015

  • [PDF] [DOI] S. Sabetghadam, M. Lupu, R. Bierig, and A. Rauber, “Reachability Analysis of Graph Modelled Collections,” in Advances in Information Retrieval – 37th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2015, Vienna, Austria, March 29 – April 2, 2015. Proceedings, 2015, pp. 370-381.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Sabetghadam2015Reachability,
      author = {Sabetghadam, Serwah and Lupu, Mihai and Bierig, Ralf and Rauber, Andreas},
      title = {{Reachability Analysis of Graph Modelled Collections}},
      booktitle = {Advances in Information Retrieval - 37th European Conference on {IR} Research, {ECIR} 2015, Vienna, Austria, March 29 - April 2, 2015. Proceedings},
      pages = {370--381},
      year = {2015},
      crossref = {DBLP:conf/ecir/2015},
      url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16354-3_41},
      doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-16354-3_41},
      timestamp = {Tue, 17 Mar 2015 15:14:29 +0100},
      biburl = {http://dblp.uni-trier.de/rec/bib/conf/ecir/SabetghadamLBR15},
      bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography, http://dblp.org}
    }
  • R. Bierig, A. Hanbury, F. Piroi, M. Haas, H. Berger, M. Lupu, and M. Dittenbach, “A Researcher’s View on (Big) Data Analytics in Austria: Results from an Online Survey,” in Data Management Technologies and Applications: Third International Conference, DATA 2014, Vienna, Austria, August 29-31, 2014, Revised Selected papers, M. Helfert, A. Holzinger, O. Belo, and C. Francalanci, Eds., Springer, 2015, vol. 178, pp. 45-61.
    [Bibtex]
    @incollection{Bierig2015CCIS,
      author = {Bierig, Ralf and Hanbury, Allan and Piroi, Florina and Haas, Marita and Berger, Helmut and Lupu, Mihai and Dittenbach, Michael}, 
      title = {{A Researcher's View on (Big) Data Analytics in Austria: Results from an Online Survey}},
      series={Communications in Computer and Information Science},
      booktitle={Data Management Technologies and Applications: Third International Conference, DATA 2014, Vienna, Austria, August 29-31, 2014, Revised Selected papers},
      editor = {Helfert, Markus and Holzinger, Andreas and Belo, Orlando and Francalanci, Chiara},
      pages = {45--61},
      volume={178},
      year={2015},
      publisher={Springer}
    }
  • N. Rekabsaz, R. Bierig, B. Ionescu, A. Hanbury, and M. Lupu, “On the Use of Statistical Semantics for Metadata-Based Social Image Retrieval,” in 13th International Workshop on Content-Based Multimedia Indexing (CBMI), 2015, pp. 1-4.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Rekabsaz2015Use,
      author = {Rekabsaz, Navid and Bierig, Ralf and Ionescu, Bogdan and Hanbury, Allan and Lupu, Mihai},
      title = {{On the Use of Statistical Semantics for Metadata-Based Social Image Retrieval}},
      booktitle = {13th International Workshop on Content-Based Multimedia Indexing (CBMI)},
      pages = {1--4},
      year = {2015},
      organization = {IEEE}
    }
  • [DOI] N. Rekabsaz, R. Bierig, M. Lupu, and A. Hanbury, “Toward Optimized Multimodal Concept Indexing,” in Revised Selected Papers of the First COST Action IC1302 International KEYSTONE Conference on Semantic Keyword-based Search on Structured Data Sources – Volume 9398, New York, NY, USA, 2015, pp. 141-152.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Rekabsaz2015Concept,
      author = {Rekabsaz, Navid and Bierig, Ralf and Lupu, Mihai and Hanbury, Allan},
      title = {Toward Optimized Multimodal Concept Indexing},
      booktitle = {Revised Selected Papers of the First COST Action IC1302 International KEYSTONE Conference on Semantic Keyword-based Search on Structured Data Sources - Volume 9398},
      series = {IKC 2015},
      year = {2015},
      isbn = {978-3-319-27931-2},
      location = {Coimbra, Portugal},
      pages = {141--152},
      numpages = {12},
      url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27932-9_13},
      doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-27932-9_13},
      acmid = {2959764},
      publisher = {Springer-Verlag New York, Inc.},
      address = {New York, NY, USA},
      keywords = {Concept, Semantic indexing, Social web, Word2Vec},
    }

2014

  • [PDF] [DOI] R. Bierig, C. Serban, A. Siriteanu, M. Lupu, and A. Hanbury, “A System Framework for Concept- and Credibility-Based Multimedia Retrieval,” in International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval, ICMR ’14, Glasgow, United Kingdom – April 01 – 04, 2014, 2014, p. 543.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Bierig2014MUCKESystem,
      author    = {Bierig, Ralf and Serban, Cristina and Siriteanu, Alexandra and Lupu, Mihai and
    Hanbury, Allan},
      title     = {A System Framework for Concept- and Credibility-Based Multimedia Retrieval},
      booktitle = {International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval, {ICMR} '14, Glasgow,
                   United Kingdom - April 01 - 04, 2014},
      pages     = {543},
      year      = {2014},
      crossref  = {DBLP:conf/mir/2014},
      url       = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2578726.2582624},
      doi       = {10.1145/2578726.2582624},
      timestamp = {Sun, 27 Apr 2014 17:04:37 +0200},
      biburl    = {http://dblp.uni-trier.de/rec/bib/conf/mir/BierigSSLH14},
      bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography, http://dblp.org}
    }
  • [PDF] [DOI] S. Sabetghadam, R. Bierig, and A. Rauber, “A Hybrid Approach for Multi-faceted IR in Multimodal Domain,” in Information Access Evaluation. Multilinguality, Multimodality, and Interaction – 5th International Conference of the CLEF Initiative, CLEF 2014, Sheffield, UK, September 15-18, 2014. Proceedings, 2014, pp. 86-97.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Sabetghadam2014Hybrid,
      author    = {Sabetghadam, Serwah and Bierig, Ralf and Rauber, Andreas},
      title     = {A Hybrid Approach for Multi-faceted {IR} in Multimodal Domain},
      booktitle = {Information Access Evaluation. Multilinguality, Multimodality, and
                   Interaction - 5th International Conference of the {CLEF} Initiative,
                   {CLEF} 2014, Sheffield, UK, September 15-18, 2014. Proceedings},
      pages     = {86--97},
      year      = {2014},
      crossref  = {DBLP:conf/clef/2014},
      url       = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-11382-1_9},
      doi       = {10.1007/978-3-319-11382-1_9},
      timestamp = {Wed, 10 Sep 2014 19:39:54 +0200},
      biburl    = {http://dblp.uni-trier.de/rec/bib/conf/clef/SabetghadamBR14},
      bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography, http://dblp.org}
    }
  • [PDF] [DOI] R. Bierig, A. Hanbury, M. Haas, F. Piroi, H. Berger, M. Lupu, and M. Dittenbach, “A Glimpse into the State and Future of (Big) Data Analytics in Austria – Results from an Online Survey,” in DATA 2014 – Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Data Management Technologies and Applications, Vienna, Austria, 29-31 August, 2014, 2014, pp. 178-188.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Bierig2014Glimpse,
      author    = {Bierig, Ralf and Hanbury, Allan and Haas, Martina and Piroi, Florina and Berger, Helmut and Lupu, Mihai and Dittenbach, Michael},
      title     = {A Glimpse into the State and Future of (Big) Data Analytics in Austria
                   - Results from an Online Survey},
      booktitle = {{DATA} 2014 - Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Data
                   Management Technologies and Applications, Vienna, Austria, 29-31 August,
                   2014},
      pages     = {178--188},
      year      = {2014},
      crossref  = {DBLP:conf/data/2014},
      url       = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5220/0004999101780188},
      doi       = {10.5220/0004999101780188},
      timestamp = {Thu, 02 Oct 2014 13:44:59 +0200},
      biburl    = {http://dblp.uni-trier.de/rec/bib/conf/data/BierigHHPBLD14},
      bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography, http://dblp.org}
    }
  • [PDF] [DOI] Y. Liu and R. Bierig, “A review of users’ search contexts for lifelogging system design,” in Fifth Information Interaction in Context Symposium, IIiX ’14, Regensburg, Germany, August 26-29, 2014, 2014, pp. 271-274.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Liu2014Lifelogging,
      author    = {Liu, Ying{-}Hsang and Bierig, Ralf},
      title     = {A review of users' search contexts for lifelogging system design},
      booktitle = {Fifth Information Interaction in Context Symposium, IIiX '14, Regensburg,
                   Germany, August 26-29, 2014},
      pages     = {271--274},
      year      = {2014},
      crossref  = {DBLP:conf/iiix/2014},
      url       = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2637002.2637040},
      doi       = {10.1145/2637002.2637040},
      timestamp = {Wed, 24 Sep 2014 09:45:55 +0200},
      biburl    = {http://dblp.uni-trier.de/rec/bib/conf/iiix/LiuB14},
      bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography, http://dblp.org}
    }
  • [PDF] [DOI] S. Sabetghadam, M. Lupu, R. Bierig, and A. Rauber, “A Combined Approach of Structured and Non-structured IR in Multimodal Domain,” in International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval, ICMR ’14, Glasgow, United Kingdom – April 01 – 04, 2014, 2014, p. 491.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Sabetghadam2014Combined,
      author    = {Sabetghadam, Serwah and Lupu, Mihai and Bierig, Ralf and Rauber, Andreas},
      title     = {{A Combined Approach of Structured and Non-structured {IR} in Multimodal
                   Domain}},
      booktitle = {International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval, {ICMR} '14, Glasgow,
                   United Kingdom - April 01 - 04, 2014},
      pages     = {491},
      year      = {2014},
      crossref  = {DBLP:conf/mir/2014},
      url       = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2578726.2578801},
      doi       = {10.1145/2578726.2578801},
      timestamp = {Sun, 27 Apr 2014 17:04:37 +0200},
      biburl    = {http://dblp.uni-trier.de/rec/bib/conf/mir/SabetghadamLBR14},
      bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography, http://dblp.org}
    }
  • H. Berger, M. Dittenbach, M. Haas, R. Bierig, A. Hanbury, M. Lupu, and F. Piroi, Conquering Data in Austria: Technologie-Roadmap für das Programm IKT der Zukunft: Daten durchdringen – Intelligente Systeme, , 2014.
    [Bibtex]
    @book{book,
      author    = {Berger, Helmut and Dittenbach, Michael and Haas, Marita and Bierig, Ralf and Hanbury, Allan and Lupu, Mihai and Piroi, Florina}, 
      title     = {{Conquering Data in Austria: Technologie-Roadmap für das Programm IKT der Zukunft: Daten durchdringen – Intelligente Systeme}},
      year      = 2014
    }

2011

  • [PDF] M. J. Cole, J. Gwizdka, C. Liu, R. Bierig, N. J. Belkin, and X. Zhang, “Task and User Effects on Reading Patterns in Information Search,” Interacting with Computers, vol. 23, iss. 4, pp. 346-362, 2011.
    [Bibtex]
    @article{Cole2011task,
      title={{Task and User Effects on Reading Patterns in Information Search}},
      author={Cole, Michael J. and Gwizdka, Jacek and Liu, Chang and Bierig, Ralf and Belkin, Nicholas J. and Zhang, Xiangmin},
      journal={Interacting with Computers},
      volume={23},
      number={4},
      pages={346--362},
      year={2011},
      publisher={Elsevier}
    }

2010

  • [PDF] [DOI] R. Bierig, “Iris Xie: Interactive information retrieval in digital environments – IGI Publishing, Hershey, PA, 2008, 376 pp. US \$99.95, ISBN 9781599042404,” Information Retrieval, vol. 13, pp. 693-694, 2010.
    [Bibtex]
    @ARTICLE{Bierig2010xie,
      author = {Bierig, Ralf},
      title = {{Iris Xie: Interactive information retrieval in digital environments - IGI Publishing, Hershey, PA, 2008, 376 pp. US \$99.95, ISBN 9781599042404}},
      journal = {Information Retrieval},
      volume = {13},
      year = {2010},
      pages = {693--694},
      issue = {6},
      doi = {10.1007/s10791-010-9148-2},
    }
  • [PDF] [DOI] R. Bierig, “Event and Map Content Personalisation in a Mobile and Context-aware Environment,” SIGIR Forum, vol. 44, iss. 1, p. 87, 2010.
    [Bibtex]
    @ARTICLE{Bierig2010sigirforum,
      author = {Bierig, Ralf},
      title = {{Event and Map Content Personalisation in a Mobile and Context-aware  Environment}},
      journal = {SIGIR Forum},
      year = {2010},
      volume = {44},
      pages = {87},
      number = {1},
      doi = {10.1145/1842890.1842905}
    }
  • [PDF] R. Bierig, M. Cole, J. Gwizdka, and N. Belkin, “A Data Analysis and Modelling Framework for the Evaluation of Interactive Information Retrieval,” in 32nd European Conference on Information Retrieval, Milton Keynes, UK, 2010.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Bierig2010framework,
      author = {Bierig, Ralf and Cole, Michael and Gwizdka, Jacek and Belkin, Nicolas},
      title = {{A Data Analysis and Modelling Framework for the Evaluation of Interactive Information Retrieval}},
      booktitle = {32nd European Conference on Information Retrieval},
      year = {2010},
      address = {Milton Keynes, UK}
    }
  • [PDF] R. Bierig, M. Cole, J. Gwizdka, N. J. Belkin, J. Liu, C. Liu, J. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “An Experiment and Analysis System Framework for the Evaluation of Contextual Relationships,” in 2nd International Workshop on Contextual Information Access, Seeking and Retrieval Evaluation (CIRSE 2010), Milton Keynes, UK, 2010.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Bierig2010cirse,
      author = {Bierig, Ralf and Cole, Michael and Gwizdka, Jacek and Belkin, Nicholas J. and Liu, Jingjing  and Liu, Chang and Zhang, Jun and Zhang, Xiangmin},
      title = {{An Experiment and Analysis System Framework for the Evaluation of
      Contextual Relationships}},
      booktitle = {2nd International Workshop on Contextual Information Access, Seeking
      and Retrieval Evaluation (CIRSE 2010)},
      year = {2010},
      editor = {Doan, Bich-Liên and Jose, Joemon and Melucci, Massimo and Tamine-Lechani, Lynda},
      address = {Milton Keynes, UK},
      url = {http://sunsite.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/Publications/CEUR-WS/Vol-569}
    }
  • [PDF] R. Bierig, J. Gwizdka, M. Cole, and N. J. Belkin, “An Experiment Data Analysis Framework: Evaluating Interactive Information Behaviour with R,” in The R User Conference (UseR 2010), Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA, 2010.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Bierig2010user,
      author = {Bierig, Ralf and Gwizdka, Jacek and Cole, Michael and Belkin, Nicholas J.},
      title = {{An Experiment Data Analysis Framework: Evaluating Interactive Information Behaviour with R}},
      booktitle = {The R User Conference (UseR 2010)},
      year = {2010},
      address = {Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA},
      organization = {National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)}
    }
  • [PDF] M. Cole, J. Gwizdka, R. Bierig, N. J. Belkin, J. Liu, C. Liu, J. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Linking Search Tasks with Low-Level Eye Movement Patterns.,” in 28th European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics (ECCE 2010), Delft, The Netherlands, 2010.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Cole2010eyemovement,
      author = {Cole, Michael and Gwizdka, Jacek and Bierig, Ralf and Belkin, Nicholas J. and Liu, Jingjing and Liu, Chang and Zhang, Jun and Zhang, Xiangmin},
      title = {{Linking Search Tasks with Low-Level Eye Movement Patterns.}},
      booktitle = {28th European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics (ECCE 2010)},
      year = {2010},
      address = {Delft, The Netherlands}
    }
  • [PDF] M. J. Cole, X. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Liu, N. J. Belkin, R. Bierig, and J. Gwizdka, “Are Self-Assessments Reliable Indicators of Topic Knowledge?,” in 73rd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, Pittsburgh, PA., 2010.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Cole2010self,
      author = {Cole, Michael J. and Zhang, Xiangmin and Liu, Jingjing and Liu, Chang and Belkin, Nicholas J. and Bierig, Ralf and Gwizdka, Jacek},
      title = {{Are Self-Assessments Reliable Indicators of Topic Knowledge?}},
      booktitle = {73rd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science
      and Technology},
      year = {2010},
      address = {Pittsburgh, PA.}
    }
  • [PDF] [DOI] J. Liu, M. J. Cole, C. Liu, R. Bierig, J. Gwizdka, N. J. Belkin, J. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Search behaviors in Different Task Types,” in Proceedings of the 2010 Joint International Conference on Digital Libraries, JCDL 2010, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, June 21-25, 2010, 2010, pp. 69-78.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Liu2010tasktypes,
      author    = {Liu, Jingjing and Cole, Michael J. and Liu, Chang and Bierig, Ralf and Gwizdka, Jacek and Belkin, Nicholas J. and Zhang, Jun and Zhang, Xiangmin},
      title     = {{Search behaviors in Different Task Types}},
      booktitle = {Proceedings of the 2010 Joint International Conference on Digital Libraries, {JCDL} 2010, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, June 21-25, 2010},
      pages     = {69--78},
      year      = {2010},
      crossref  = {DBLP:conf/jcdl/2010},
      url       = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1816123.1816134},
      doi       = {10.1145/1816123.1816134},
      timestamp = {Thu, 25 Sep 2014 17:21:54 +0200},
      biburl    = {http://dblp.uni-trier.de/rec/bib/conf/jcdl/LiuCLBGBZZ10},
      bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography, http://dblp.org}
    }
  • [PDF] [DOI] J. Liu, C. Liu, J. Zhang, R. Bierig, and M. Cole, “Identifying Queries in the Wild, Wild Web,” in Information Interaction in Context Symposium, IIiX 2010, New Brunswick, NJ, USA, August 18-21, 2010, 2010, pp. 317-322.
    [Bibtex]
    @inproceedings{Liu2010wild,
      author    = {Liu, Jingjing and Liu, Chang and Zhang, Jun and Bierig, Ralf and Cole, Michael},
      title     = {{Identifying Queries in the Wild, Wild Web}},
      booktitle = {Information Interaction in Context Symposium, IIiX 2010, New Brunswick, NJ, USA, August 18-21, 2010},
      pages     = {317--322},
      year      = {2010},
      crossref  = {DBLP:conf/iiix/2010},
      url       = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1840784.1840832},
      doi       = {10.1145/1840784.1840832},
      biburl    = {http://dblp.uni-trier.de/rec/bib/conf/iiix/LiuLZBC10},
      bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography, http://dblp.org}
    }

2009

  • [PDF] N. J. Belkin, R. Bierig, G. Buscher, L. van Elst, J. Gwizdka, J. Jose, and J. Teevan, “SIGIR 2009 Workshop on Understanding the User: Logging and Interpreting User Interactions in Information Search and Retrieval,” , 2009.
    [Bibtex]
    @CONFERENCE{Belkin2009ws,
      author = {Belkin, Nicholas J. and Bierig, Ralf and Buscher, George and Elst, L. van and Gwizdka, Jacek and Jose, J. and Teevan, J.},
      title = {{SIGIR 2009 Workshop on Understanding the User: Logging and Interpreting User Interactions in Information Search and Retrieval}},
      booktitle = {CEUR Workshop Proceedings},
      year = {2009},
      note = {ISSN 1613-0073}
    }
  • R. Bierig, M. Cole, J. Gwizdka, and N. J. Belkin, “PooDLE User Interaction Data Integration and Modelling System,” in 72nd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Systems and Technology, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 2009.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Bierig2009a,
      author = {Bierig, Ralf and Cole, Michael and Gwizdka, Jacek and Belkin, Nicolas J.},
      title = {{PooDLE User Interaction Data Integration and Modelling System}},
      booktitle = {72nd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Systems
      and Technology},
      year = {2009},
      address = {Vancouver, BC, Canada},
      url = {http://www.asis.org/Conferences/AM09/panels/102.html}
    }
  • [PDF] R. Bierig, J. Gwizdka, and M. Cole, “A User-Centered Experiment and Logging Framework for Interactive Information Retrieval.,” in SIGIR 2009 Workshop on Understanding the User: Logging and Interpreting User Interactions in Information Search and Retrieval, Boston, MA. USA, 2009.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Bierig2009framework,
      author = {Bierig, Ralf and Gwizdka, Jacek and Cole, Michael},
      title = {{A User-Centered Experiment and Logging Framework for Interactive
      Information Retrieval.}},
      booktitle = {SIGIR 2009 Workshop on Understanding the User: Logging and Interpreting
      User Interactions in Information Search and Retrieval},
      year = {2009},
      editor = {Belkin, Nicholas J. and Bierig, Ralf and Buscher, George and Elst, L. Van and Gwizdka, Jacek and Jose, J. and Teevan, J.},
      address = {Boston, MA. USA}
    }
  • M. Cole, R. Bierig, and J. Gwizdka, “A System to Model User Interaction Sequences,” in 72nd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Systems and Technology, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 2009.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Cole2009,
      author = {Cole, Michael and Bierig, Ralf and Gwizdka, Jacek},
      title = {{A System to Model User Interaction Sequences}},
      booktitle = {72nd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Systems and Technology},
      year = {2009},
      address = {Vancouver, BC, Canada}
    }
  • [PDF] M. Cole, J. Liu, N. J. Belkin, R. Bierig, J. Gwizdka, C. Liu, J. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Usefulness as the Criterion for Ealuation of Interactive Information Retrieval,” in Third Workshop on Human-Computer Interaction and Information Retrieval, Cambridge, MA, USA, 2009, pp. 1-4.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{cole2009usefulness,
      author = {Cole, Michael and Liu, Jingjing and Belkin, Nicholas J. and Bierig, Ralf and Gwizdka, Jacek and Liu, Chang and Zhang, Jun and Zhang, Xiangmin},
      title = {{Usefulness as the Criterion for Ealuation of Interactive Information Retrieval}},
      booktitle = {Third Workshop on Human-Computer Interaction and Information Retrieval},
      year = {2009},
      pages = {1-4},
      address = {Cambridge, MA, USA}
    }
  • [PDF] [DOI] A. Göker, H. Myrhaug, and R. Bierig, “Context and Information Retrieval,” in Information Retrieval: Searching in the 21st Century, A. Göker, J. Davies, and M. Graham, Eds., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2009, pp. 131-157.
    [Bibtex]
    @INCOLLECTION{Goker2009context,
      title = {{Context and Information Retrieval}},
      author = {G\"{o}ker, Ay\c{s}e and Myrhaug, Hans and Bierig, Ralf},
      publisher = {John Wiley \& Sons, Ltd},
      isbn = {9780470033647},
      url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470033647.ch7},
      doi = {10.1002/9780470033647.ch7},
      pages = {131--157},
      booktitle = {{Information Retrieval: Searching in the 21st Century}},
      editor = {A. G\"{o}ker and J. Davies and M. Graham},
      year = {2009}
    }

2008

  • [PDF] N. J. Belkin, R. Bierig, and M. Cole, “Is Relevance the Right Criterion for Evaluating Interactive Information Retrieval?,” in ACM SIGIR 2008 Workshop on Beyond Binary Relevance: Preferences, Diversity, and Set-Level Judgments, Singapore, 2008.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Belkin2008criterion,
      author = {Belkin, Nicholas J. and Bierig, Ralf and Cole, Michael},
      title = {{Is Relevance the Right Criterion for Evaluating Interactive Information
      Retrieval?}},
      booktitle = {ACM SIGIR 2008 Workshop on Beyond Binary Relevance: Preferences,  Diversity, and Set-Level Judgments},
      year = {2008},
      address = {Singapore}
    }
  • [PDF] R. Bierig, “Event and Map Content Personalisation in a Mobile and Context-aware Environment,” PhD Thesis, 2008.
    [Bibtex]
    @PHDTHESIS{Bierig2008phd,
      author = {R. Bierig},
      title = {{Event and Map Content Personalisation in a Mobile and Context-aware
      Environment}},
      school = {School of Computing, The Robert Gordon University},
      year = {2008}
    }
  • [PDF] [DOI] I. Ruthven, M. Baillie, L. Azzopardi, R. Bierig, E. Nicol, S. Sweeney, and M. Yakici, “Contextual Factors Affecting the Utility of Surrogates within Exploratory search,” Information Processing and Management, vol. 44, iss. 2, pp. 437-462, 2008.
    [Bibtex]
    @ARTICLE{Ruthven2008surrogates,
      author = {Ruthven, I. and Baillie, M. and Azzopardi, L. and Bierig, R. and Nicol, E. 
      and Sweeney, S. and Yakici, M.},
      title = {{Contextual Factors Affecting the Utility of Surrogates within Exploratory
      search}},
      journal = {Information Processing and Management},
      year = {2008},
      volume = {44},
      pages = {437-462},
      number = {2},
      month = {3},
      comment = {Output of Question Answering TREC Track at Strathclyde University.},
      doi = {10.1016/j.ipm.2007.08.002},
      keywords = {TREC, Question Answering}
    }

2007

  • [PDF] I. Ruthven, L. Azzopardi, M. Baillie, R. Bierig, E. Nicol, S. Sweeney, and M. Yakici, “Intra-Assessor Consistency in Question Answering,” in 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2007.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Ruthven2007qa,
      author = {Ruthven, Ian and Azzopardi, Leif and Baillie, Mark and Bierig, Ralf and Nicol, Emma and Sweeney, Simon and Yakici, Murat},
      title = {{Intra-Assessor Consistency in Question Answering}},
      booktitle = {30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval},
      year = {2007},
      address = {Amsterdam, The Netherlands}
    }
  • [PDF] F. Simeoni, F. Crestani, and R. Bierig, “The DILIGENT Framework for Distributed Information Retrieval,” in 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2007.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Simeoni2007diligent,
      author = {Simeoni, Fabio and Crestani, Fabio and Bierig, Ralf},
      title = {{The DILIGENT Framework for Distributed Information Retrieval}},
      booktitle = {30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval},
      year = {2007},
      address = {Amsterdam, The Netherlands}
    }

2006

  • [PDF] R. Bierig and A. Göker, “Time, Location, and Interest: An Empirical and User-Centred Study,” in First Symposium on Information Interaction in Context (IIiX), Copenhagen, Denmark, 2006, pp. 79-87.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Bierig2006timelocationinterest,
      author = {Bierig, Ralf and G\"{o}ker, Ay\c{s}e},
      title = {{Time, Location, and Interest: An Empirical and User-Centred Study}},
      booktitle = {First Symposium on Information Interaction in Context (IIiX)},
      year = {2006},
      pages = {79-87},
      address = {Copenhagen, Denmark},
      publisher = {ACM-Press}
    }
  • [PDF] C. Azzopardi, L. Azzopardi, M. Baillie, R. Bierig, E. Nicol, I. Ruthven, and S. Sweeney, “Contextual Information and Assessor Characteristics in Complex Question Answering,” in 15th TExt Retrieval Conference (TREC), 2006.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Azzopardi2006qa,
      author = {Azzopardi, C. and Azzopardi, L. and Baillie, M. and Bierig, R. and Nicol, E. and  Ruthven, I. and Sweeney, S.},
      title = {{Contextual Information and Assessor Characteristics in Complex Question  Answering}},
      booktitle = {15th TExt Retrieval Conference (TREC)},
      year = {2006}
    }

2005

  • [PDF] R. Bierig, “Personalisation and Adaptation of Content in an Ambient and Context-Aware Environment.,” in Doctoral Forum of the 5th International Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Sciences (CoLIS), Glasgow, UK, 2005.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Bierig2005colis,
      author = {Bierig, Ralf},
      title = {{Personalisation and Adaptation of Content in an Ambient and Context-Aware
      Environment.}},
      booktitle = {Doctoral Forum of the 5th International Conference on Conceptions
      of Library and Information Sciences (CoLIS)},
      year = {2005},
      address = {Glasgow, UK}
    }

2004

  • J. Pollich, F. Sembowski, B. Haugset, T. E. Fagri, H. I. Myrhaug, M. Mikalsen, S. L. Tomassen, T. C. Lech, R. Engels, A. K. Petersen, H. Huber, P. Markovics, M. Yakici, A. Göker, R. Hu B. Bierig, and N. Whitehead, “AmbieSense Reference Information Model,” The Robert Gordon University, AmbieSense Technical Project Report , 2004.
    [Bibtex]
    @TECHREPORT{Pollich2004,
      author = {Pollich, J. and Sembowski, F. and Haugset, B. and Fagri, T. E. and Myrhaug, H. I. and Mikalsen, M. and Tomassen, S. L. and Lech, T. C. and Engels, R. and Petersen, A. K. and Huber, H. and Markovics, P. and Yakici, M. and G\"{o}ker, A. and Hu, B.  Bierig, R. and Whitehead, N.},
      title = {{AmbieSense Reference Information Model}},
      institution = {The Robert Gordon University},
      year = {2004},
      type = {AmbieSense Technical Project Report}
    }
  • [PDF] A. Göker, S. Watt, H. I. Myrhaug, N. Whitehead, M. Yakici, R. Bierig, S. K. Nuti, and H. Cumming, “An Ambient, Personalised, and Context-Sensitive Information System for Mobile Users,” in Second European Symposium on Ambient Intelligence, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 2004.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Goker2004ambient,
      author = {G\"{o}ker, Ay\c{s}e and Watt, Stuart and Myrhaug, Hans I. and Whitehead, Nick and Yakici, Murat and Bierig, Ralf and Nuti, S. K. and Cumming, H.},
      title = {{An Ambient, Personalised, and Context-Sensitive Information System for Mobile Users}},
      booktitle = {Second European Symposium on Ambient Intelligence},
      year = {2004},
      address = {Eindhoven, The Netherlands}
    }
  • [PDF] A. Göker, M. Yakici, R. Bierig, and H. I. Myrhaug, “A Context-Sensitive Information System for Mobile Users (Demo),” in SIGIR Workshop on Information Retrieval in Context (IRiX), Sheffied, UK, 2004.
    [Bibtex]
    @INPROCEEDINGS{Goker2004irix,
      author = {G\"{o}ker, Ay\c{s}e and Yakici, Murat and Bierig, Ralf and Myrhaug, Hans I.},
      title = {{A Context-Sensitive Information System for Mobile Users (Demo)}},
      booktitle = {SIGIR Workshop on Information Retrieval in Context (IRiX)},
      year = {2004},
      address = {Sheffied, UK}
    }

2003

  • [PDF] T. C. Lech, M. Mikalsen, L. Wienhofen, A. K. Petersen, S. Watt, H. I. Myrhaug, F. Sembowski, M. B. Alemany, Y. M., and R. Bierig, “Deliverable 8: The AmbieSense Multi-Agent System, Architecture Report WP6 Intelligent Agents for Context-Sensitive Services,” The Robert Gordon University, AmbieSense Technical Project Report , 2003.
    [Bibtex]
    @TECHREPORT{Lech2003ambiesense,
      author = {Lech, T. C. and Mikalsen, M. and Wienhofen, L. and Petersen, A. K. and Watt, S. and Myrhaug, H. I. and Sembowski, F. and Alemany, M. B. and Yakici. M. and Bierig, R.},
      title = {{Deliverable 8: The AmbieSense Multi-Agent System, Architecture Report WP6 Intelligent Agents for Context-Sensitive Services}},
      institution = {The Robert Gordon University},
      year = {2003},
      type = {AmbieSense Technical Project Report}
    }

2002

  • [PDF] R. Bierig, “Geographic Information Systems for the Visualisation of Environmental Data (in German). BSc (Hons) Dissertation,” , 2002.
    [Bibtex]
    @OTHER{Bierig2002bsc,
      author = {Bierig, Ralf},
      school = {Faculty of Computer Science, University of Furtwangen},
      title = {{Geographic Information Systems for the Visualisation of Environmental
      Data (in German). BSc (Hons) Dissertation}},
      year = {2002}
    }